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Đề ti: Topic for speaking

  1. #1
    Avatar của bee_iris
    bee_iris vẫn chưa có mặt trong diễn đ n Phụ trch chuyn mục Kỹ năng nghe ni
    Tham gia ngy
    Jan 2010
    Nơi cư ngụ
    Binh Phuoc prov
    Bi gửi
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    Được cm ơn 938 lần

    Mặc định Topic for speaking

    Hi there,

    Mnh lập đề ti ny nhằm tổng hợp cc Topics để gip cc bạn trong qu trnh luyện ni. Đa phần cc Topics l do mnh tự soạn v tổng hợp từ nhiều nguồn với cc đa dạng chủ đề, nội dung chủ yếu gồm:

    + Bi đọc/video về chủ đề ni để lấy tưởng
    + Cu hỏi thảo luận
    + Từ vựng
    + Bi luyện nghe (nếu c)


    Nếu trong khi đang tm tiếng Anh với bạn b, hoặc nhm luyện ni với nhau m chưa nghĩ ra chủ đề g để thảo luận th cc ban c thể vo đy để tham khảo nh!

    Cc bạn no c bi soạn no hay, muốn chia sẻ với mọi người th cũng c thể đăng ln đy nha, mnh ủng hộ hai tay hai chn lun :3



    TOPIC 1
    VIDEO: HOW TO DESIGN A SAFE KITCHEN

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GZ8GYWnZwlk
    Task: watch this video and then answer the three following question

    - What kind of accidents might occur in people’s houses?
    - What types of things might make a kitchen particularly dangerous?
    - How can you keep the kitchen area safe for the whole family?

    Vocabulary Words
    - Appliance(s)
    - Route(s)
    - Plug(s)
    - Fixture(s): vật cố định/ đồ đạc đặt ở vị tr cố định
    - Precaution: sự phng ngừa/đề phng
    - Programmable: A programmable machine can be programmed, so that for example it will switch on and off automatically or do things in a particular order.
    - Receptacle: A receptacle is an object which you use to put or keep things in.
    - Ground(ed)
    - Moisture
    - Glare(s): very bright light that is difficult to look at
    - Faucet(s)

    Expressions
    - Accident prone: If you describe someone or something as accident prone, you mean that a lot of accidents or other unpleasant things happen to them.
    - Lock-out: A lock-out is a situation in which employers close a place of work and prevent workers from entering it until the workers accept the employer's new proposals on pay or conditions of work
    - Floor plan
    - Slip-resistant
    - Anti-scald: If you scald yourself, you burn yourself with very hot liquid or steam.
    - Throw rug(s)
    - Power surge: increases suddenly and greatly, after being steady or developing only slowly.

    TOPIC 02
    LISTENING: STARTING A BAND

    At some point in your life, you probably wanted to be in a band. It’s a common dream for people, young and old. Teenagers often practice their guitars or drums after school and on weekends, hoping to get good enough to form a band with friends. Some even write their own music. After all, being in a band is cool.

    Only a few, rare bands make it big, though. And every band’s story is different. Some bands play together for years before getting a record deal. Some bands are in the right place at the right time, and suddenly they’re famous. It’s hard to know if and when a band is going to find fame and fortune.

    Task 01:
    Listen to the conversation and answer this question:
    Gary wants to start a band, but is he doing it for the right reasons?

    Task 02
    Answer these following question and discuss further on your friend's answers
    1. What is your favorite band?
    2. Do you want to have your own band?
    3. Which musical instrument can you play?
    4. In you opinion, which elements contribute to the success of a band?

    Vocabulary
    - Make a big: become successful
    - Shoot for fame and fortune: aim for, try to achive
    - Go on tour
    - Groupies (plr): Groupie
    - Get into sth/doing sth: - get into a habit/dept : do or become involved with sth
    - To caution sb on sth/ to do sth: give warn or advice
    - One hit wonder: musician or band who has only one popular song

    LInk to download listening file: https://www.mediafire.com/?iqc2yw4ii8b463n



    Lich khai giang TOEIC Academy


  2. Thnh vin sau cm ơn bee_iris v bi viết hữu ch

    Lm Xun Tng (19-10-2015)

  3. #2
    Tham gia ngy
    Oct 2010
    Bi gửi
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    Cm ơn
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    Được cm ơn 9,481 lần

    Mặc định

    Trch Nguyn văn bởi bee_iris Xem bi viết
    Hi there,

    Mnh lập đề ti ny nhằm tổng hợp cc Topics để gip cc bạn trong qu trnh luyện ni. Đa phần cc Topics l do mnh tự soạn v tổng hợp từ nhiều nguồn với cc đa dạng chủ đề, nội dung chủ yếu gồm:

    + Bi đọc/video về chủ đề ni để lấy tưởng
    + Cu hỏi thảo luận
    + Từ vựng
    + Bi luyện nghe (nếu c)


    Nếu trong khi đang tm tiếng Anh với bạn b, hoặc nhm luyện ni với nhau m chưa nghĩ ra chủ đề g để thảo luận th cc ban c thể vo đy để tham khảo nh!

    Cc bạn no c bi soạn no hay, muốn chia sẻ với mọi người th cũng c thể đăng ln đy nha, mnh ủng hộ hai tay hai chn lun :3



    TOPIC 1
    VIDEO: HOW TO DESIGN A SAFE KITCHEN

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GZ8GYWnZwlk
    Task: watch this video and then answer the three following question

    - What kind of accidents might occur in peoples houses?
    - What types of things might make a kitchen particularly dangerous?
    - How can you keep the kitchen area safe for the whole family?

    Vocabulary Words
    - Appliance(s)
    - Route(s)
    - Plug(s)
    - Fixture(s): vật cố định/ đồ đạc đặt ở vị tr cố định
    - Precaution: sự phng ngừa/đề phng
    - Programmable: A programmable machine can be programmed, so that for example it will switch on and off automatically or do things in a particular order.
    - Receptacle: A receptacle is an object which you use to put or keep things in.
    - Ground(ed)
    - Moisture
    - Glare(s): very bright light that is difficult to look at
    - Faucet(s)

    Expressions
    - Accident prone: If you describe someone or something as accident prone, you mean that a lot of accidents or other unpleasant things happen to them.
    - Lock-out: A lock-out is a situation in which employers close a place of work and prevent workers from entering it until the workers accept the employer's new proposals on pay or conditions of work
    - Floor plan
    - Slip-resistant
    - Anti-scald: If you scald yourself, you burn yourself with very hot liquid or steam.
    - Throw rug(s)
    - Power surge: increases suddenly and greatly, after being steady or developing only slowly.

    TOPIC 02
    LISTENING: STARTING A BAND

    At some point in your life, you probably wanted to be in a band. Its a common dream for people, young and old. Teenagers often practice their guitars or drums after school and on weekends, hoping to get good enough to form a band with friends. Some even write their own music. After all, being in a band is cool.

    Only a few, rare bands make it big, though. And every bands story is different. Some bands play together for years before getting a record deal. Some bands are in the right place at the right time, and suddenly theyre famous. Its hard to know if and when a band is going to find fame and fortune.

    Task 01:
    Listen to the conversation and answer this question:
    Gary wants to start a band, but is he doing it for the right reasons?

    Task 02
    Answer these following question and discuss further on your friend's answers
    1. What is your favorite band?
    2. Do you want to have your own band?
    3. Which musical instrument can you play?
    4. In you opinion, which elements contribute to the success of a band?

    Vocabulary
    - Make a big: become successful
    - Shoot for fame and fortune: aim for, try to achive
    - Go on tour
    - Groupies (plr): Groupie
    - Get into sth/doing sth: - get into a habit/dept : do or become involved with sth
    - To caution sb on sth/ to do sth: give warn or advice
    - One hit wonder: musician or band who has only one popular song

    LInk to download listening file: https://www.mediafire.com/?iqc2yw4ii8b463n


    I'd like to share a few notes about the first video:

    The kitchen is one of the most accident- prone rooms in the house => the kitchen is one of the rooms where accidents happen the most

    Appliances with a lock-out option => major kitchen equipment with the ability to shut itself down if tempered with.

    Purchasing appliances that provide a programmable lock-out system or with lock-out covers => buying kitchen equipment that can be programmed to turn themselves off, or with a cover that can protect them from being tampered with( by the children)

    Example:

    Some gas ranges have an electric solenoid that controls the gas to the surface burners. Mostly they are used on ranges with self-cleaning ovens, so the range can lock out the surface burners (turn off the gas to the surface burners) while the oven is being cleaned.


    Học từ vựng


  4. 3 thnh vin cm ơn LHX v bi viết hữu ch

    bee_iris (02-10-2015),Lm Xun Tng (19-10-2015),ngườitithuơng (06-10-2015)

  5. #3
    Avatar của bee_iris
    bee_iris vẫn chưa có mặt trong diễn đ n Phụ trch chuyn mục Kỹ năng nghe ni
    Tham gia ngy
    Jan 2010
    Nơi cư ngụ
    Binh Phuoc prov
    Bi gửi
    949
    Cm ơn
    552
    Được cm ơn 938 lần

    Mặc định

    TOPIC 3
    ENDANGERED SPECIES 01

    The world is full of magnificent and fascinating animals and creatures. Unfortunately many of them are endangered species which means that there are not many of them remaining in the world and there is a danger of them becoming extinct.
    Below are some examples of endangered species.

    Polar Bears
    The Polar Bear is one of the many unique animals in the world. It has a beautiful white coat of fur for camouflage - partly for protection but largely to allow it to sneak up on its prey. Their typical prey are seals. The Polar Bear's coat also has guard hairs that are water repellent (they are excellent swimmers) and a dense under fur for warmth. But under their fur, polar bears have black skin to soak up the sun's warming rays. Other specialized characteristics of the Polar Bear are short and furred snout, short ears, teeth specialized for eating meat rather than for an omnivorous diet, and hair that covers the bottom of their feet. A full grown adult male Polar Bear will weigh approximately 650 kgs while a female will weigh about half as much to as little as a third as much. The Polar Bear can only be found in the Northern Hemisphere.

    1. Fur (n): lng
    2. Camouflage (n): (ˈkməˌflɑːʒ) the means by which animals escape the notice of predators, usually because of a resemblance to their surroundings: includes cryptic and apatetic coloration
    3. Sneak up (v): to move without being noticed
    4. Prey (n): con mồi
    5. Water repellent (adj): resistant to water penetratoin
    6. Dense (n): dy đặc, rậm rạp, đng đc
    7. Soak up (v): take in (also metaphoriacally)
    8. Omnivorous (adj): (ɒmˈnɪvərəs) Eating food of any kind, including animals and plants


    Tigers

    Tigers are the largest member of the cat family and are renowned for their power and strength. They are in general nocturnal hunters and their striking markings enable them to blend in easily with their habitat. In the wild, tigers generally feed on larger and medium sized animals such as deer, water buffalo, wild boar and tapirs. Tigers hunt alone and ambush their prey like other cats do, overpowering them from any angle, using their body size and strength to knock large prey off balance. They are native to Asia but unfortunately hunting and forest destruction have reduced the tiger population to less than 2,500 today and they are now considered an endangered species. Tigers are hunted as trophies, and also for body parts that are used in traditional Chinese medicine.

    1. Be renowned for (adj): be famous for
    2. Nocturnal (adj): Of, relating to, or occurring in the night
    3. Blend in (v): harmonize, fit
    4. Habitat (n): The natural environment in which a species or group of species lives
    5. Ambush (v): to attack suddenly from a concealed position
    6. Overpower (v): to have such a strong effect on as to make helpless or ineffective (p đảo, chế ngự)


    Whales
    Whales are large, magnificent, intelligent, aquatic mammals. They breathe air through a blowhole into their lungs (unlike fish who breathe using gills). Whales have sleek, streamlined bodies that move easily through the water. They are the only mammals, other than dugongs (manatees) that live their entire lives in the water, and the only mammals that have adapted to life in the open oceans. They are the biggest animal in the world (some as tall as a nine-storey building), even bigger than any of the dinosaurs were. Many whales migrate over long distances every year, sometimes in groups (pods), from cold water feeding grounds to warm water breeding grounds. Some whale species are endangered because of hunting that still exists in countries such as Japan and Norway.

    1. Lung (n): phổi
    2. Sleek (adj): smooth and shiny
    3. Streamlined (adj): esigned or arranged to offer the least resistance to fluid flow
    4. Entire (adj): whole, complete
    5. Migrate (v): (mī′grāt′) To move from one country or region and settle in another


    Gorilla

    Gorillas are the largest of the living primates and very closely related to humans. They live in the forests of Africa and move by walking on their knuckles. Their lifespan is between 30-50 years and they are omnivores that eat fruit, leaves, shoots and sometimes insects. One other characteristic they share with humans is that they have individual finger prints. Silverbacks (adult male gorillas) are the strong troop leaders. Each silverback typically leads a group of between 5-30 gorillas and is the centre of attention. they make all the decision, mediate conflicts, determine the movement of the group, lead the others to feeding sites and take responsibility for the safety and well-being of the troop. Gorillas are considered and endangered species and have been the subject of intense poaching for many years.

    1. Primate (n): (prī′māt′) Any of various mammals of the order Primates, which consists of the lemurs, lorises, tarsiers, New World monkeys, Old World monkeys, and apes including humans, and is characterized by nails on the hands and feet, a short snout, and a large brain
    2. Knuckle (n): (nŭk′əl) khớp, đốt ngn tay
    3. Lifespan (n): (līf′spăn′) a lifetime
    4. Shoot (n): A young leaf, flower, or other new growth on a plant
    5. Finger print (n): dấu vn tay
    6. Mediate conflicts: ha giải xung đột
    7. Well-being (n): the condition of being contented, healthy, or successful; welfare


    Koala

    The koala is a marsupial that is native to Australia. They live most of their lives in the eucalyptus trees of Australia and it is the only leaf that they eat. They do not drink but instead obtain the moisture they need from the eucalypt leaves. Because of the low protein content in these leaves and their slow metabolic rate, the koala usually sleeps for 19 hours per day. Contrary to popular belief their fur is coarse and not soft and cuddly. They are sometimes mistakenly called koala bears, but, in fact they are not members of the bear family. In recent years the koala population has come under threat from the ever increasing encroachment of humans into their habitat and the appearance of a disease, Chlamydia, for which there is no known cure.

    1. Marsupial (n): (mr-so͞o′pē-əl) Any of various nonplacental mammals of the infraclass Metatheria, including kangaroos, opossums, bandicoots, and wombats, found principally in Australia and the Americas, and typically bearing young that suckle and develop after birth in the mother's pouch. These species were formerly placed in the order Marsupialia. (th c ti)
    2. Moisture (n): (mois′chər) water or other liquid diffused as vapour or condensed on or in objects
    3. Metabolic (adj): (mĕt′ə-bŏl′ĭk) (thuộc) sự trao đổi chất/sự chuyển ha
    4. Coarse (adj): (krs) rough in texture, structure (th, sợi to khng mịn)
    5. Cuddly (adj): soft and warm
    6. Under threat:
    7. Encroachment (n): any entry into an area not previously occupied, invasion, intrusion; entry to another's property without right or permission

    Andean Condor

    The Andean Condor is a vulture-like species of bird. It is one of the largest flying birds and inhabits the open grasslands and alpine areas in high mountain regions of western South America. The adult condor is of a uniform black, with the exception of a fill of white feathers nearly surrounding the base of the neck and, especially in the males, large patches or bands of white on the wings. it has a wing span of up to 3.5 meters and can soar incredibly gracefully up to heights of 5000 metres. They are experts at using the updrafts created by the mountains and valleys to cover large areas while foraging. Many condors have died from the pesticides that are carried through the food chains. The number of Andean Condors has decreased rapidly in recent years but rescue attempts are being made through captive-breeding programs.

    1. Grassland (n): meadown, land where grass or grasslike vegetation grows and is the dominant form of plant life
    2. Feather (n):
    3. Wing span (n): wing spread, the linear distance between the tips of the wings of an aircraft.
    4. Soar (v): To rise or fly into the air
    5. Updraft (n): An upward current of air
    6. Forage (v): to look or search for food or provisions
    7. Captive-breading program (n): Captive breeding is the process of breeding animals outside of their natural environment in restricted conditions in farms, zoos or other closed facilities. The choice of individual animals that are to be part of acaptive breeding population, and the mating partners within that population, are controlled by humans.


    Task:
    Make a presentation of one of those above endangered species. Make sure you answer these questions:
    1. Describe the animal and its habitat
    2. Why do they come under threat?
    3. What can we do to protect them?

    Thi thử TOEIC MIỄN PH

    Thi thử TOEIC tại TOEIC Academy

    Thi thử như thi thật, đề thi st đề thật

    n thi TOEIC miễn ph

    www.OnThiTOEIC.vn

    n thi TOEIC trực tuyến miễn ph với TOEIC Academy


  6. Thnh vin sau cm ơn bee_iris v bi viết hữu ch

    Lm Xun Tng (19-10-2015)

  7. #4
    Avatar của bee_iris
    bee_iris vẫn chưa có mặt trong diễn đ n Phụ trch chuyn mục Kỹ năng nghe ni
    Tham gia ngy
    Jan 2010
    Nơi cư ngụ
    Binh Phuoc prov
    Bi gửi
    949
    Cm ơn
    552
    Được cm ơn 938 lần

    Mặc định

    TOPIC 04
    THING YOU CAN DO TO PROTECT ENDANGERED SPECIES

    "Whatever you do will be insignificant, but it is very important that you do it."
    ~ Mahatma Gandhi

    It is often easy to feel overwhelmed in the face of species loss and habitat destruction. The problem is large and complex—it's common for individuals to feel powerless. Yet, everything we do is vitally important. We may only do a little bit in the grand scheme of things, but together our seemingly small actions add up to a lot.

    - Overwhelm (v): (ō′vər-wĕlm′) To affect deeply in mind or emotion; to surge over and submerge; engulf
    - Be in the face of: in spite of; notwithstading; when confronted with
    - Destruction (n): The act or process of destroying
    - Vital (adj): (ˈvaɪtəl) essential to maintain life


    1. Protect Wildlife Habitat

    Perhaps the greatest threat that faces many species is the widespread destruction of habitat. Deforestation, farming, over-grazing and development all result in irreversible changes—soil compaction, erosion, desertification, and alteration of local climatic conditions. Such land use practices vastly alter or even eliminate wildlife habitat. In areas where rare species are present, habitat destruction can quickly force a species to extinction.
    By protecting habitat, entire communities of animals can be protected together and when communities are kept intact, less conservation intervention is required to ensure species survival. Parks, reserves, and other protected lands are too often the only habitats left untouched by habitat destruction.

    - Deforestation (n) : [diːˌfɒrəˈsteɪʃən] The cutting down and removal of all or most of the trees in a forested area. Deforestation can damage the environment by causing erosion of soils, and it decreases biodiversity by destroying the habitats needed for different organisms.
    - Over-grazing (n): Letting livestock graze land so heavily that the soil loses fertility, grass grows sparsely and soil erosion may take place.
    - Result in (v): bring about, to be the cause of
    - Irreversible (adj): [ˌɪrɪˈvɜːsəbl] not able to be reversed, incapable of being changed
    - Compaction (n): an increase in the density of something
    - Eliminate (v): (ɪˈlɪmɪˌneɪt) To get rid of; remove
    - Alteration (n):
    - Intact (adj):
    - Intervention (n):
    - Reserve (n): a tract of land set aside for the protection and conservation of wild animals, flowers, etc: a nature reserve.


    2. Join a Conservation Organization

    There is a wide range of conservation organizations working to protect endangered animals and habitats. Different organizations have different objectives—some work to protect a small plot of land or to protect whales, others focus on establishing good environmental policies in local government.
    If you have a specific area of interest, you can often find an organization that is working to protect the species or habitats you're most concerned about. By joining in, you can support well-organized, ongoing efforts to protect species and habitats. And if you want to participate in conservation field work, you can often get involved in specific programs within many conservation organizations that rely to a great extent on help from volunteers.

    - Objective (n)
    - Establish (v)
    - Participate in (v): take part in
    - Get involved in
    - Extent (n)


    3. Reduce the Threat of Invasive Species

    The spread of non-native species has greatly impacted native populations around the world. Invasive species compete with native species for resources and habitat. They can even prey on native species directly, forcing native species towards extinction. Another way to reduce the threat of invasive species is to incorporate native plants in your garden and to welcome native animals into your yard.

    - Impact (v)
    - Invasive (adj) invasion (n):
    - Incorporate (v)

    4. Recycle and Reduce Energy and Goods Consumption

    By recycling and (reusing as much as we can, we reduce our impact on the environment. Additionally, by reducing the energy we consume, we take a little of the burden off our natural resources (and our pocketbooks). You can also reduce your carbon footprint by first calculating your current carbon footprint and then reduce the amount of carbon you consume. For more information see: Ten Things to Do to Reduce Carbon Emissions.

    - Take a litte burden off: remove the burden from
    - Carbon footprint (n): The amount of carbon-containing greenhouse gases released into the environment by an activity, process, individual, or group, expressed usually as the equivalent in kilograms of carbon dioxide.
    - Pocketbook (n): a small bag or case for money, papers, etc, carried by a handle or in the pocket

    5. Minimize use of Herbicides and Pesticides

    Herbicides and pesticides may keep yards looking nice but they are in fact hazardous pollutants that affect wildlife at many levels. Many herbicides and pesticides take a long time to degrade and build up in the soils or throughout the food chain. Some groups of animals such as amphibians are particularly vulnerable to these chemical pollutants and suffer greatly as a result of the high levels of herbicides and pesticides in their habitat.

    - Herbicides (n)
    - Pesticides (n)
    - Hazardous (adj)
    - Pollutant (n)
    - Food chain (n)
    - Degrade (adj)
    - Amphibian (n)
    - Vulnerable to (adj)


    6. Place Decals on Windows to Deter Bird Collisions

    Daniel Klem Jr. of Muhlenberg College has estimated that as many as one billion birds in the United States die each year due to collisions with windows. You can help reduce the number of collisions simply by placing decals on the windows in your home and office. Other simple steps you can take to reduce the likelihood of collisions are to re-evaluate feeder placement, draw shades and curtains during brightest parts of day, install tilted window glass, and put screens on outside of windows.

    - Likelihood (n)
    - Collision (n)
    - Re-evaluate (v)


    7. Slow Down When Driving

    Many native animals have to live in developed areas and this means they must navigate a landscape full of human hazards. One of the biggest obstacles to wildlife living in developed areas is that created by roads. Roads divide habitat and present a constant hazard to any animal attempting to cross from one side to the other. So when you're out and about, slow down and keep an eye out for wildlife.

    - Navigate (v)
    - Landscape (n)
    - Hazard (n)
    - Obstacle (n)
    - Be out and about (idm): regularly going out of the house to work, take part in social activity, etc, esp after an illness
    - To keep an eye out for (idm): Also, keep a sharp lookout for. Be watchful for something or someone, as in Keep an eye out for the potholes in the road, or They told him to keep a sharp lookout for the police.


    8. Voice Your Concerns and Get Involved Locally

    By letting local and national governments know that you're concerned about endangered species, you're increasing the likelihood that someone will do something about it.

    9. Change Your Career

    This may sound extreme but for some people getting involved in the protection of threatened and endangered animals is so important that a career change that enables you to work directly with species of concern may be the most rewarding way of doing so. If you're seeking more information on changing your career, you may want to check out The Working Zoologist.

    10. Share Your Enthusiasm for Wildlife and Nature

    Encourage others to learn about nature, enjoy watching wildlife, and value protecting habitats and species with which we share this planet

    Let's discuss ya :P
    1. Name some endangered animals in Vietnam
    2. What if you detect an illegal trade of endangered animals?
    3. Do you know any endangered species protection organization?
    4. What can we do to protect the endangered animal in Vietnam?
    5. Out of the above measures, which one is the most practical in Vietnam?


    Facebook Group Học tiếng Anh MIỄN PH


  8. Thnh vin sau cm ơn bee_iris v bi viết hữu ch

    Lm Xun Tng (19-10-2015)

  9. #5
    Avatar của bee_iris
    bee_iris vẫn chưa có mặt trong diễn đ n Phụ trch chuyn mục Kỹ năng nghe ni
    Tham gia ngy
    Jan 2010
    Nơi cư ngụ
    Binh Phuoc prov
    Bi gửi
    949
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    TOPIC 5
    TALKING ABOUT YOUR JOB (FUTURE JOB)

    1. Lets read a paragraph about Nicolas job
    Working for an airline
    Nicola Peet left school at eighteen, went to college and then worked at a local airport. After nine months, she went to work for Saudi Arabian Airlines and then she joined British Airway as an air-hostess. Four years later, she got present job as a manager.
    This is what she told us about her job: My office is at Heathrow Airport, but I spend 601% of my time in the air. I teach air-hostess and help them with any problems. I also go to lots of meetings. My hours are usually from 8 am but sometimes I work from 1pm to 9pm. At work, the first thing I do is to check plane time on my computer and then I speak with some of the air-hostesses.
    Sometimes, I go on long flights to check how the air-hostesses are doing. Thats my favorite part of the job, but I like office work too.
    Travelling can be a hard work. When I get back from a long journey, all I can do is eating something and then going to bed! I dont earn much money, but Im happy with British Airways and want to stay there and continue to travel
    2. Vocabulary
    TO LEAVE YOUR JOB:
    To resign | To quit | To leave your job = to give up a job or position by telling your employer that you are leaving.
    To retire = to leave your job or stop working because of old age or ill health.
    TO LOSE YOUR JOB:
    To be dismissed | To be fired | To get fired | To be sacked | To get the sack | To get the chop | To get your P45 | To lose your job = to be asked to leave a job, usually because you have done something wrong or badly, or sometimes as a way of saving the cost of employing you.
    To be made redundant = to lose your job because your employer no longer needs you.


    accountant
    actor
    actress
    athlete
    author
    baker
    banker
    barber
    beautician
    broker
    burglar
    butcher
    carpenter
    chauffeur
    chef
    clerk
    coach
    craftsman
    criminal
    crook
    dentist
    doctor
    editor
    engineer
    farmer
    fire fighter
    fisherman
    judge
    lawyer
    magician
    mechanic
    musician
    nurse
    pharmacist
    pilot
    poet
    policeman
    politician
    printer
    professor
    rabbi
    priest
    pastor
    sailor
    salesman
    shoemaker
    soldier
    tailor
    teacher
    veterinarian
    waiter
    waitress
    watchmaker





    Working hours, Pay

    a full-time job
    a part-time job
    continued payment of wages
    flexi time
    pay slip
    salary
    to get a rise, to get a raise
    to work in shifts
    to work overtime
    wage cut
    wage demand, claim wage
    group wages



    3. Discussion
    a. Tell me about your current job (or jobs that you want to do in the future). What do you like (hate) about your job?
    b. In your opinion, which age is suitable to be oriented about career path? Why?
    c. Nowadays, many people especially new graduates consider that it will be better if you choose to work in several fields when you are still young. Do you agree or disagree? Why?

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    Ngữ php, Ngữ m, Giao tiếp, Luyện thi TOEIC

    English to Vietnamese translation

    English to Vietnamese translation

    English to Vietnamese translation


  10. Thnh vin sau cm ơn bee_iris v bi viết hữu ch

    Lm Xun Tng (19-10-2015)

  11. #6
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    TOPIC 6
    THE POWER OF THE GROUP 01
    Read the following passage
    As individuals in society, each of us belongs to several different groups. For example, we are members of own families, we have groups of friends, and we associate with groups at work and school. On a larger scale, we belong to a nation and maybe a religious group. Each of these groups has its own culture, or set of rules that governs the behavior of people in that group. For example, it is common for peers that is, people of the same age or people in the same situation to behave in similar ways or to share similar expectations. The groups we belong to influence our opinions about the world, our interactions with others, and the decisions we make. We may think that we behave as individuals, but in fact there are always group pressures that are influencing us to act in certain ways.

    Task A: Read these questions and share your answer with a partner.
    1. List six groups that an individual can belong to
    2. In what way does belonging to a group influence our behavior?
    3. Do you belong to any groups other than the ones mentioned in the passage. Explain.
    4. Can you think of a time when group pressure made you act in a certain way? Describe it to your partner.
    5. Why do you think people experience culture shock?
    6. How do you think people who have culture shock feel?
    7. Do you think that culture shock can be avoided? How?

    Task B: discuss the following questions:

    When you were an adolescent.
    1. Did your family try in influence the clothes you wore?
    2. Did you ever have friends that your family did not like?
    3. What time did you have to be back home in the evening?
    4. Were you allowed to date?
    5. Did you spend a lot of time alone?
    6. Did your family have strict rules about what you couldnt do?

    Vocabulary
    Using the context and your knowledge of related words, take turns trying to guess the meaning of the words in bold.
    1. If you were to depict t on paper, you might draw a wave shape.
    2. People do not usually react with fear. Surprisingly, there is often a feeling of euphoria.
    3. You are on your guard because of the strangeness of the situation.
    4. Differences are likely to seem exciting rather than threatening.
    5. They might never recapture the honeymoon period.
    6. Many societies have recent immigrants, sometimes in large numbers.
    7. Cultural differences can lead to tense relationship.
    8. Tense relationships between different ethnic group
    9. Different cultures have to live in close contact with each other.
    a. Watching for any danger
    b. Connection; association
    c. Get back
    d. Make a picture of
    e. Culture or racial
    f. Stressful; not calm
    g. Dangerous
    h. Intense happiness
    i. People who have left their country to live in another country

    1. Culture shock can be seen as a manifestation of group pressure in action.
    2. Culture shock is a complex phenomenon
    3. Cross-cultural studies have immense practical value for modern society.
    4. When you grow up in a particular set of surroundings
    5. The rules and guidelines that govern the behavior of the people around you
    6. The rules of a social group are not clearly articulated
    7. People often behave irrationally when they are experiencing culture shock
    8. It is a highly stressful experience
    a. Put into words
    b. Not logically; not in a reasonable way
    c. Something that is complicated and not easy to understand
    d. An example
    e. Place; environment
    f. Uncomfortable and difficult
    g. Very large
    h. control

    TOPIC 7
    THE POWER OF THE GROUP 02

    Task A: Read the questions about group pressure situation below. What would you do in these situation?

    1. You have been invited to the wedding of a family member you dont like. Everyone else in your family is going. Would you go to the wedding?
    2. Your friends are planning to see a popular movie this weekend and have asked you to go with them. You have read reviews that say it is a really bad movie. Would you go with your friends anyway?
    3. All your friends have started to wear a new style of shoes. When you first see the shoes, you think they look ugly. Would you consider buying them anyway?
    4. Your parents have been invited to their friends house in the country for the weekend. They want you to go with them. You are in college and need to study. Would you go away with your parents for the weekend?

    Task B: Read the two statements below and tell your partner which statement you agree with more and why.

    - As you get older, your friends become less important to you and your family becomes more important
    - As you get older, your family becomes less important to you and your friends become more important

    Useful expressions:

    - Adolescence is the time when the pressure begins to shift: the time between childhood and adulthood I move or change
    - Comes into full bloom at about thirteen, fourteen: become fully developed
    - You can tell at a glance: with a quick look
    - With the hope that the fad would have passed: a new fashion that is suddenly popular
    - Where would you draw the line: place a limit on what is permitted
    - Should you be trying to monitor it: watch it carefully
    - My kids are into video games: have an important interest in
    - Do you ever change your mind: change your opinion
    - She said its a waste of money: not worth the money
    - I am just jealous: unhappy and slightly angry because you want what someone else has
    - Loads of people: a lot of
    - You cant conform all the time: do what everyone else is doing
    - Youre in the same boat: in the same situation

    Lich khai giang TOEIC Academy


  12. Thnh vin sau cm ơn bee_iris v bi viết hữu ch

    Lm Xun Tng (19-10-2015)

  13. #7
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    TOPIC 8
    OPTIMISIM AND PESSIMISM

    Idioms are a part of daily speech. They convey meaning quickly and are often easy to use and learned early on by native speakers.
    Idioms are also an important part in the process of "acculturation". Acculturation is the exchange of cultural features that results when groups of individuals having different cultures come into continuous first hand contact. Idioms are pivotal in learning a new language. A learner of a second language is informally considered "advanced" when and if he/she masters the use of idioms.

    So, these followings are idioms related to positive and negative mind:
    • Be a glass half-full
    • Look on the bright side
    • Every clouds got a silver lining
    • Cross that bridge when we come to it
    • See the light at the end of the tunnel
    • Bright-eyed and bushy-tailed
    • Happy as a sand boy/Larry
    • Lifes not a bed of roses
    • Lifes not been a bed of roses
    • A wet blanket
    • The tip of the iceberg
    • Go/be back to the square one
    • Be a glass half-empty



    Talking about optimism and pessimism


    Optimists
    Optimists explain positive events as having happened because of them (internal). They also see them as evidence that more positive things will happen in the future (stable), and in other areas of their lives (global). Conversely, they see negative events as not being their fault (external). They also see them as being flukes (isolated) that have nothing to do with other areas of their lives or future events (local).
    For example, if an optimist gets a promotion, she will likely believe its because shes good at her job and will receive more benefits and promotion in the future. If shes passed over for the promotion, its likely because she was having an off-month because of extenuating circumstances, but will do better in the future.

    Pessimists
    Pessimists think in the opposite way. They believe that negative events are caused by them (internal). They believe that one mistake means more will come (stable), and mistakes in other areas of life are inevitable (global), because they are the cause. They see positive events as flukes (local) that are caused by things outside their control (external) and probably wont happen again (unstable).
    A pessimist would see a promotion as a lucky event that probably wont happen again, and may even worry that shell now be under more scrutiny. Being passed over for promotion would probably be explained as not being skilled enough. She'd therefore expect to be passed over again.

    Task 1:

    Read carefully the optimism and pessimism idioms (file attached) and take note the new ones to you.
    Look up new vocabularies in the essay in order to understand the essay thoroughly.
    Read out loud the passage.
    Task 2:
    Tell us a story of yours or an incident you know about optimism and pessimism.
    What happened?
    Who was the main character? What did they/he/she behave?
    What do you draw from the happening?
    Task 3:
    Discuss: Our culture loves optimism. Unless there's an adjective in front of it, it's almost universally perceived as a positive trait. The reverse is true of pessimism. But how do these really affect our lives? How required are they both in a society?
    Each other will have 4 mins to present your ideas then we will discuss
    (take note your friends mistake grammar, vocabulary, opinion -)
    Task 4: (optional)
    Challenge yourself with this Story http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KI5OGWj9CPA


  14. #8
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    Trch Nguyn văn bởi bee_iris Xem bi viết
    TOPIC 8
    OPTIMISIM AND PESSIMISM

    Idioms are a part of daily speech. They convey meaning quickly and are often easy to use and learned early on by native speakers.
    Idioms are also an important part in the process of "acculturation". Acculturation is the exchange of cultural features that results when groups of individuals having different cultures come into continuous first hand contact. Idioms are pivotal in learning a new language. A learner of a second language is informally considered "advanced" when and if he/she masters the use of idioms.

    So, these followings are idioms related to positive and negative mind:
    • Be a glass half-full
    • Look on the bright side
    • Every clouds got a silver lining
    • Cross that bridge when we come to it
    • See the light at the end of the tunnel
    • Bright-eyed and bushy-tailed
    • Happy as a sand boy/Larry
    • Lifes not a bed of roses
    • Lifes not been a bed of roses
    • A wet blanket
    • The tip of the iceberg
    • Go/be back to the square one
    • Be a glass half-empty



    Talking about optimism and pessimism


    Optimists
    Optimists explain positive events as having happened because of them (internal). They also see them as evidence that more positive things will happen in the future (stable), and in other areas of their lives (global). Conversely, they see negative events as not being their fault (external). They also see them as being flukes (isolated) that have nothing to do with other areas of their lives or future events (local).
    For example, if an optimist gets a promotion, she will likely believe its because shes good at her job and will receive more benefits and promotion in the future. If shes passed over for the promotion, its likely because she was having an off-month because of extenuating circumstances, but will do better in the future.

    Pessimists
    Pessimists think in the opposite way. They believe that negative events are caused by them (internal). They believe that one mistake means more will come (stable), and mistakes in other areas of life are inevitable (global), because they are the cause. They see positive events as flukes (local) that are caused by things outside their control (external) and probably wont happen again (unstable).
    A pessimist would see a promotion as a lucky event that probably wont happen again, and may even worry that shell now be under more scrutiny. Being passed over for promotion would probably be explained as not being skilled enough. She'd therefore expect to be passed over again.

    Task 1:

    Read carefully the optimism and pessimism idioms (file attached) and take note the new ones to you.
    Look up new vocabularies in the essay in order to understand the essay thoroughly.
    Read out loud the passage.
    Task 2:
    Tell us a story of yours or an incident you know about optimism and pessimism.
    What happened?
    Who was the main character? What did they/he/she behave?
    What do you draw from the happening?
    Task 3:
    Discuss: Our culture loves optimism. Unless there's an adjective in front of it, it's almost universally perceived as a positive trait. The reverse is true of pessimism. But how do these really affect our lives? How required are they both in a society?
    Each other will have 4 mins to present your ideas then we will discuss
    (take note your friends mistake grammar, vocabulary, opinion -)
    Task 4: (optional)
    Challenge yourself with this Story http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KI5OGWj9CPA
    Here are just a few quotes by famous people to facilitate the understanding of the differences between an optimist and a pessimist:

    A pessimist sees the difficulty in every opportunity; an optimist sees the opportunity in every difficulty.

    Winston Churchill

    A pessimist is one who makes difficulties of his opportunities and an optimist is one who makes opportunities of his difficulties.

    Harry S Truman

    An optimist is a person who sees a green light everywhere, while a pessimist sees only the red stoplight... the truly wise person is colorblind.

    Albert Schweitzer


    The pessimist complains about the wind; the optimist expects it to change; the realist adjusts the sails.

    William Arthur Ward

    The last quote is one of my favorites regarding pessimism, optimism and realism.

    Then there is this joke about an optimist

    An optimist fell out of the top window of a skyscraper. At every passing floor, he yelled: "All right, so far!"


  15. 2 thnh vin cm ơn LHX v bi viết hữu ch

    bee_iris (23-10-2015),ngườitithuơng (20-08-2016)

  16. #9
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    TOPIC 9
    LIVING IN A CITY VS LIVING IN A COUNTRY SIDE
    1. Giving opinions:


    1. I (really) think that …
    2. I believe (that) …
    3. I’m sure that …
    4. In my opinion / My opinion is …
    5. I agree with …
    6. I feel that …
    7. I guess/imagine …
    8. I have no doubt that / I’m certain that …
    9. I strongly believe that …
    10. I’ve never really thought about this before, but …
    11. To be honest / In my honest opinion, …
    12. As far as I know, …
    13. I agree with the opinion of …
    14. I could be wrong, but …
    15. I’m fairly confident that …
    1. I’m pretty sure that …
    2. It seems to me that …
    3. Obviously, …
    4. Some people may disagree with me, but …
    5. This is just my opinion, but …
    6. Without a doubt, …
    7. You probably won’t agree, but …
    8. As I see it, ...
    9. Correct me if I’m wrong, but …
    10. For me/ From my point of view, …
    11. I do believe/ feel/think …
    12. I’m pretty confident that …
    13. I’ve always thought that …
    14. If you ask me, …
    15. It could be said that …
    31. It seems clear to me that …
    32. It would seem to me that …
    33. Personally speaking / Speaking for myself, …
    34. The way I see it (is) …
    35. To be (perfectly) frank, …
    36. What I think is …
    37. You could say …
    39. I can’t help thinking that …
    40. I’ll tell you what I think, …
    41. If I must come up with an opinion / If you (really) want my opinion, …
    42. In my limited experience, …
    43. Know what I think? …
    44. Quite frankly, …
    45. This may well be controversial, but …
    46. To my mind / To my way of thinking, ...
    47. What I always say is …

    Common vocabulary:

    - Pick vegetable
    - Go fishing
    - Go hiking
    - Go swimming
    - See wild life
    - Rush hour: Giờ cao điểm, giờ tan ca
    - Traffic jam (n): kẹ xe => I am stuck in the traffic: Ti bị kẹt xe
    - Good public transportation
    - High crime rate
    - Slow pace of life
    - A wide range of something. Ex: A wide range of shops/entertainment places
    - Fresh air
    - Dirty street
    - Lots of cultural activities
    - There isn’t much privacy
    - Lovely scenery
    - Unfriendly people
    - Walking in the woods
    - More job opportunities/not many jobs
    - Green environment
    - Noisy and dangerous street
    - Not many shops
    - Expensive cost of living
    - Enjoy peace and quite
    - There’s nowhere to park
    - Buying everything you want
    - Kind people/Selfish/unkind



    • pavement cafe: cafes with tables outside on the pavement
    • places of interest: buildings that have a particular interest for visitors
    • poor housing: housing that is not in good condition
    • public spaces: areas in a town or city that are open to the public
    • public transport system: public vehicles such as buses and trains that operate at regular times on fixed routes
    • residential area: an area where people live
    • run down: old and of a poor standard
    • shopping center: an area consisting of multiple shops
    • shopping malls: large indoor shopping centres
    • tourist attraction: a place of interest to tourists
    • to get around: to travel around


    Discussion questions:

    1. In your point of view, which one do you prefer? Please give us some reasons
    2. Which one will be easier for you to live and achieve your target? (Ci no sẽ gip bạn c cuộc sống dễ dng hơn v đạt được mục tiu thực sự của bạn)
    3. Where should children grow up?


  17. #10
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    TOPIC 10
    QUALITY OF LIFE vs STANDARD OF LIFE


    This topic really intrigues me because it does relate to our lives, how about you? Lets take an insight look at it

    It is recommended that you understand the terms "Quality of Life" and "Standard of living" by reading more articles and research of them in order to discuss further on this topic.

    Quality of life (QOL) is the general well-being of individuals and societies. QOL has a wide range of contexts, including the fields of international development, healthcare, politics and employment. It is important not to mix up the concept of QOL with a more recent growing area of health related QOL (HRQOL[1]). When we look at HRQOL we in effect look at QOL and its relationship with health.
    Quality of life should not be confused with the concept of standard of living, which is based primarily on income.

    Standard of living refers to the level of wealth, comfort, material goods and necessities available to a certain socioeconomic class in a certain geographic area. The standard of living includes factors such as income, quality and availability of employment, class disparity, poverty rate, quality and affordability of housing, hours of work required to purchase necessities, gross domestic product, inflation rate, number of holiday days per year, affordable (or free) access to quality healthcare, quality and availability of education, life expectancy, incidence of disease, cost of goods and services, infrastructure, national economic growth, economic and political stability, political and religious freedom, environmental quality, climate and safety. The standard of living is closely related to quality of life.[1] In 2013, the Human Development Index ranked the top six countries for quality of living as: Norway, Australia, Switzerland, Netherlands, United States and Germany.[2]
    Source: Wikipedia

    QUALITY OF LIFE DISCUSSION

    STUDENT As QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)
    1) What comes to mind when you hear the term quality of life?
    2) How is your quality of life on a scale of one to ten?
    3) Whats the difference between quality of life and standard of living?
    4) What quality of life does a goldfish in a bowl have?
    5) What are the indicators of quality life?
    6) How much does it cost to live a quality, happy life?
    7) How does the environment in your town affect your quality of life?
    8) Would you have a better quality of life if you were more attractive?
    9) Does your countrys leader have a good quality of life?
    10) Does technology change your quality of life?
    -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    STUDENT Bs QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)
    1) Do you always try to increase and improve your quality of life?
    2) What single thing could you do to increase the quality of your life?
    3) Can money buy quality of life?
    4) What do you think is more important, quality or longevity of life?
    5) How would you describe your quality of life compared to your parents?
    6) How does crime and urban decay affect your quality of life?
    7) What does having children do to your quality of life?
    8) Who has a better quality of life, a student or a worker?
    9) Will your quality of life get better or worse over the next few decades?
    10) Does your state of mind affect your quality of life?

    Source: www.eslDiscussions.com


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