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Hiện kết quả 1 đến 10 trong tổng số 147

Đề ti: ---Passive Voice---

  1. #1
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    Mặc định ---Passive Voice---

    PASSIVE VOICE

    I/Passive voice (P.V): is usually to emphasize the result, the fact or the object of an action ,not the agent.

    *P.V is used only with Transitive Verb
    *P.V is used more commonly in written language , especially in the impersonal style of textbooks or report ( to describe an industrial and scientific process, to describe historical and social process or in official rules and procedures)

    Ex :
    The ore is usually dug out of the ground.
    Applications should be made in writing.

    II/Form

    General form :
    S+Vt+O ( Vt= transitive verb)
    -->PV:S(o) + be + P(2)+ (by O)


    NOTE:

    *to be in passive sentence is always in the same forms and tenses & main verbs in the active sentence.

    In P.V:

    *To verb is changed into to be P(2)

    *Verb is changed into be P(2)

    *V-ing is changed into Being P(2)

    *Modal verbs work in the same way :
    S+ modal verb + Vt+ O

    ->P.V : S(o)+modal verb + be+P(2) + (by S)

    Ex :
    The windows in being painted .
    The machine can be taken apart.

    BASIC USES of passive voice


    I/Agent and instrument:

    *Agent : A person who does the action in the Passive sentence is called the agent
    *Instrument : Things which cause something to happen in a passive sentence is called an instrument .

    Ex:
    I was hit by a branch ( The branch itself hit me)
    Iwas hit with a branch ( Some one use a branch to hit me ).

    II/Transitive and intrasitive verbs :

    1/Transitive verbs are the verbs with object.

    There are 3 kinds of Vt( verb transitive )

    ---[B]Memo-trasitive verbB] : verb with 1 object (read, write,...)
    ---Di-transitive verb :verb with 2 objects(give, bring,pay,hand,show...)
    ---Complex transitive verb

    Ex:
    I read the newspapers yesterday.
    I gave her a present.

    --All Vt.s can be made passive except :become, have, get, suit, fit, resemble.

    2/Intrasitive verbs are verbs with no object :

    Ex:
    The baby is sleeping.
    The bird flies.
    3/Some verbs are both transitive and intransitive verbs . "run" for example :

    Ex :
    He ran a shop --> A shop was run by him .
    He is running --> (no passive)

    * In this case, we focus on transitive verbs


    -----To be continued-----


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  3. #2
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    Mặc định

    III/Cases of omitting the agent.

    1/When the agent is general : people, they, you , we .

    *When these sentences are made passive , these general agents can be omitted because they doesn't give more information .

    Ex:
    All over the world, people respect the knowledge
    -->The knowledge are respected all over the world .

    2/ When the agent is obivious :

    *In Passive sentences , when all people understand who do/does the action, then there is no need to mention the agent again .

    Ex : The criminal was arrested ( by the police)

    3/When the agent is unimportant( we don't need to know about the agent)

    Ex:
    I was advised to worked harder.

    4/When the agent is unknown ( we don't know anything about the agent)

    Ex:
    She was killed yesterday

    5/When both speakers and listeners know the agent

    Ex:
    I was tested thoroughly.

    6/When the speaker doesn't want to mention the agent. Then the agent is omitted.

    Ex :
    It has been agreed to increased the salaries by 5%

    7/When the speaker want to focus on the action rather than the agent

    Ex:
    Mails are delivered to whom addressed



    ------To be continued ------

    Lich khai giang TOEIC Academy


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  5. #3
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    Mặc định

    Verbs with 2 objects


    -This kind of verbs can also be called the Verbs of giving because thet have the same pattern as " give"
    -In this case, either of these objects can be the subject of a passive sentence
    -We will use the object which we want to emphasize to be the subject of the passive sentence .

    Ex:
    The nurse gives the patient a sleeping pill
    --> The patient is given a sleeping pill
    --->A sleeping pill is given to the patient .

    Other Verbs can be used in this pattern Cuối bi c file đnh km 1 số động từ dng như cch của động từ " give ")




    Verbs with Object and Complement



    -This kind of verbs is also called complex transitive verbs. There are some verbs such as: make , find.

    Ex:.
    *It made me ill
    --> I was made ill
    *People found he had died
    --> He was found dead

    Passive with " want" and "need"

    -If the sentence follows the first structure , we have to make it passive like the second.

    S+want/need+ O(1)+ to - infinitive+ O (2)

    ---> Passive : S+ want/ need+ O (2)+ to be Past participle + by O(1)

    Ex : He wants her to take a photo
    -->He wants a photo to be taken
    Sửa l̀n cúi bởi Alo_Picasso : 07-04-2007 lúc 04:22 AM

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  7. #4
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    Mặc định

    Trong b&#224;i n&#224;y sẽ c&#243; th&#234;m 1 số mẫu c&#226;u m&#224; phần tr&#234;n anh Alo_Picasso chưa đề cập đến <c&#243; đ&#250;ng ko nhỉ > , nhưng mọi ng` cứ thử l&#224;m nh&#233;.. h&#244;m kh&#225;c em sẽ post đ&#225;p &#225;n...

    Change the following sentences into passive voice

    1. They can't make tea with cold water.
    2. The chief engineer was introcting all the workers of the plant
    3. Somebody has taken away some of my books
    4. They will hold the meeting before May Day.
    5. They have to repair the enginer of the car.
    6. The boy broke the window and took away some pictures.
    7. A man I know told me about it.
    8. No one believes his story.
    9. Do they teach English here?
    10. Will you invite her to your wedding party?
    11. Did the teacher give some exercises?
    12. Is she going to write a poem?
    13. Have they changed the window of the laboratory?
    14. Is she making big cakes for the party?
    15. Why didn't they help him?
    16. How many games has the team played?
    17. What time can the boys hand in their papers?
    18. They had sent enough money to these poor boys.
    19. People believe that 13 is an unlucky number.
    20. They rumored that man was still living.
    21. They think that he has died a natural death.
    22. People believed that the earth stood still.
    23. We'll continue to use this computer.
    24. They began to plant rubber trees in big plantations.
    25. I have heard her sing this song several times.
    26. People saw him steal your car.
    27. The detective saw the woman putting the jewelry in her bag.
    28. Open your books
    29. Don't do that silly thing again.
    30. Don't let the other see you.
    31. You need to have your hair cut.
    32. You must see it to believe it.
    33. He wants someone to take some photographs.
    34. He likes people to call him "Sir".
    35. it's your duty to do this work.
    36. It's dangerous for us to take the short cut.
    37. We enjoy writting letters.
    38. Smoke fills the room.
    39. He recommends me to do the job.
    40. She urges him to visite her parents as soon as possible.

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  9. #5
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    Alo_Picasso vẫn chưa có mặt trong diễn đ n Từng Phụ trch Ngữ php TA - Con rể dethi.com miền Trung
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    Mặc định

    [QUOTE=nguyenhonghanh][COLOR="Blue"]Trong bi ny sẽ c thm 1 số mẫu cu m phần trn anh Alo_Picasso chưa đề cập đến <c đng ko nhỉ > , ----->Anh đ ni l post xong đu m ! :P


  10. Thnh vin sau cm ơn Alo_Picasso v bi viết hữu ch

    Bch Trm (08-02-2008)

  11. #6
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    Được cm ơn 1 lần

    Mặc định

    1. tea can't be made with cold water.
    2.all the workers of the plant were being introcted by the chief engineer.
    3. Somebody has taken away some of my books
    =>Some of my books have been taken away.
    4. They will hold the meeting before May Day.
    =>the meeting will be hold before May Day.
    5. They have to repair the enginer of the car.
    => the enginer of the car have to be repaired.
    6. The boy broke the window and took away some pictures.
    =>the window was broden and somw pictures were taken away.
    7. A man I know told me about it.
    => i was told about it.( cai nay kho qua em cha biet lam, lam bua choi)
    8. No one believes his story.
    his story isn't believed by anybody.
    9. Do they teach English here?
    i don't know if they teach E here
    10. Will you invite her to your wedding party?
    i don't know if u will invite her to your wedding party.
    11. Did the teacher give some exercises?
    i don't know if the teacher gave some ex.
    12. Is she going to write a poem?
    i don't know if she is going to write a poem.
    15. Why didn't they help him?
    cau nay lam the nao dong chi nhi
    anh oi may cai cau cuoi anh cha dua ngu phap ma bao lam thi lam sao em lam duoc kho qua em dang ko biet neu anh co thong tin du lieu gi thi post tiep len di nhe thank anh nhieu .P
    __________________


  12. Thnh vin sau cm ơn emhockemtienganh v bi viết hữu ch

    Tiểu Yến Tử (04-11-2008)

  13. #7
    Avatar của Alo_Picasso
    Alo_Picasso vẫn chưa có mặt trong diễn đ n Từng Phụ trch Ngữ php TA - Con rể dethi.com miền Trung
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    Nov 2006
    Nơi cư ngụ
    -=-Ngay trong tri tim em đ-=-
    Bi gửi
    243
    Cm ơn
    59
    Được cm ơn 267 lần

    Mặc định

    Trch Nguyn văn bởi emhockemtienganh
    1. tea can't be made with cold water.
    .
    4. They will hold the meeting before May Day.
    =>the meeting will be held before May Day.
    5. They have to repair the enginer of the car.
    => the enginer of the car have to be repaired.--->The engine of the car has to be repaired
    6. The boy broke the window and took away some pictures.
    =>the window was broken and somw pictures were taken away.

    8. No one believes his story.
    his story isn't believed by anybody.(bỏ by anybody)
    9. Do they teach English here?
    i don't know if they teach E here--> Do they have English taught here?
    10. Will you invite her to your wedding party?
    Is she invited to your wedding party ?.
    11. Did the teacher give some exercises?
    Did y?
    12. Is she going to write a poem?
    Is she going to have a poem written?.
    15. Why didn't they help him?
    -->
    __________________
    Cu 15 anh cũng chưa r lm thế no !


  14. #8
    Tham gia ngy
    Mar 2007
    Bi gửi
    35
    Cm ơn
    14
    Được cm ơn 5 lần

    Mặc định

    C&#226;u 15 tớ nghĩ thế n&#224;y (chắc kh&#244;ng đ&#250;ng đ&#226;u):
    Why wasn't him helped by them?


  15. #9
    Tham gia ngy
    Jan 2007
    Bi gửi
    73
    Cm ơn
    26
    Được cm ơn 169 lần

    Mặc định

    Trch Nguyn văn bởi plapaza_1325
    Cu 15 tớ nghĩ thế ny (chắc khng đng đu):
    Why wasn't him helped by them?
    sai rồi bạn ơi sửa lại đi


  16. #10
    Avatar của seabird'
    seabird' vẫn chưa có mặt trong diễn đ n Phụ trch chuyn mục "Tiếng Anh lớp 12"
    Tham gia ngy
    Apr 2007
    Bi gửi
    265
    Cm ơn
    53
    Được cm ơn 244 lần

    Mặc định

    Tại sao lại cứ thch lm cho mọi việc phức tạp vậy
    15=> Why wasn't he helped ?


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