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*o.Gemy.o*
16-09-2007, 02:13 PM
Unit 3 :

PARTIES

https://ssl33.secure-websites.com/~bingandbong/us/images/parties%20copy.jpg

Topic lần này là PArties mọi người ui , 2 tuần tới ở đây có bạn nào SN hem , chúng ta cùng vào bài nhá :

1. Reading

a) Before you read :

Phần này chúng ta đi tìm hiểu về phong cách ăn uống của các nước nha , xem nó giống và khác VN ở chỗ nào , dây cũng là cách giúp các bạn tăng từ vựng đấy :

Table manners

Table manners are the etiquette used when eating. This includes the appropriate use of utensils. Different cultures have different standards for table manners. Many table manners evolved out of practicality. For example, it is generally impolite to put elbows on tables since doing so creates a risk of tipping over bowls and cups. Within different families or groups, there may be less rigorous enforcement of some traditional table manners of their culture while still maintaining others. For example, some families ignore elbows on the table or mixing of foods.

( Các bạn đọc đj , tra từ rùi từ nào ko biết có thể hỏi nha )

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CÒn bi h là TABLE MANNER của các nước trên thế giới :

American table manners VS Chinese table manners
( Nào mình cùng xem tây tàu ăn uống khác nhau như nào :Devil: )

1. American table manners
http://www.his.com/~bmanerly/jen1.gif

Chew with your mouth closed.

When a dish is presented, the food is served to one's plate and then passed on to the next person.

Do not talk at an excessively loud volume.

Never leave home hungry. Leave for your destination at least half full just in case your host is late in preparing dinner or the food is displeasing.

If at all possible, refrain from coughing or sneezing at the table.

Never tilt back your chair while at the table, or at any other time.

Tea or coffee should never be poured into the saucer to cool but should be sipped from the cup. Alternatively, ice may be used to cool either.

Do not make unbecoming noises while eating.

Do not play with food or table utensils.

Do not single out or chastise someone who has shown poor table manners.

Do not put your elbows on the table or slouch (This has however recently become commonly accepted. However in formal situations it is still inappropriate).

The fork is used to convey any solid food to the mouth.

Eat soup noiselessly and with the side of the spoon.

Do not eat food with your fingers unless you are eating foods customarily eaten with fingers, such as bread, french fries, chicken wings, pizza, etc.

Do not start eating until every person is served. Alternatively, wait until the host/hostess lifts his/her fork (or spoon).

The fork may be used by either the left or the right hand.

When serving, serve from the left and pick up the dish from the right. Beverages are both served and removed from the right.

Always ask the host or hostess to be excused before leaving the table.

A prayer may be customary in some families, and the guests should join in even if they are not religious or do not follow the same religion. Most prayers are made before the meal is eaten. The Hutterites pray both before and after a meal.

Utensils are used either in the American or the Continental fashion -- either is correct.

When using paper napkins, never ball them up or allow stains to show.

Do not look at anyone while he or she is eating. It is very rude.

Keep your napkin on your lap.

Do not ask to take some of your uneaten food away from the meal after it ends, especially when having a formal dinner.

Never talk on your phone at table. If urgent, ask host or hostess to be excused, and go outside. Apologize when returned.

It is acceptable in most places to not finish all of the food on your plate.

Bread plates are to the left of the main plate, beverage glasses are to the right.

Use your silverware from the outside moving inward toward the main plate. Salad fork, knife and soup spoon are further from the main plate than the main course knife, fork and spoon. Dessert utensils are either placed above the main plate or served with dessert.

Do not place your napkin on your lap until the host does. This signals the beginning of dinner.

Follow the Always Sometimes Never rule. Hands should always be visible, forearms sometimes visible, and elbows never visible. This is to be as culturally aware as possible.

The knife blade should be placed on the edge of your plate when not in use. The blade should always face inward.

When finished with your meal, place your knife and fork with handles at the 4 o'clock position and the tines of the fork down to signal to the server you are done.


KHiếp thật ăn uống j` mà phức tạp thế

2. Chinese table manners ( h đến phong tục của phưong đông chúng ta rùi )

http://www.womenofchina.cn/quintessential_china/travel/travel_tips/images/picmdsdx1c4.gif

These are mostly concerned with the use of chopsticks. Otherwise generally Chinese table manners are rather more informal, what would be considered rude in other cultures such as talking with the mouth full may be acceptable.

Chopsticks must always be held in the correct manner. It should be held between the thumb and fingers of the right hand,

Chopsticks are traditionally held in the right hand only, even by the left-handed. Although chopsticks may now be found in either hand, a few still consider left-handed chopstick use improper etiquette. One explanation for the treatment of such usage as improper is that this can symbolise argument, as the chopsticks may collide between the left-handed and right-handed user.

When communal chopsticks are supplied with shared plates of food, it is considered impolite to use your own chopsticks to pick up the food from the shared plate or eat using the communal chopsticks. An exception to this rule is made in intimate family dinners where family members may not mind the use of one's own chopsticks to transfer food.

The blunt end of the chopsticks is sometimes used to transfer food from a common dish to your own plate or bowl (never your mouth).

Never wave your chopsticks around as if they were an extension of your hand gestures, bang them like drumsticks, or use them to move bowls or plates.

Decide what to pick up before reaching with chopsticks. Do not hover around or poke looking for special ingredients. After you have picked up an item, do not put it back in the dish.

When picking up a piece of food, never use the tips of your chopsticks to poke through the food as if you were using a fork. Exceptions include tearing larger items apart such as vegetables. In informal use, small, difficult to pick-up items such as cherry tomatoes or fishballs may be stabbed but this use is frowned upon by traditionalists.

Chopsticks can be rested horizontally on one's plate or bowl to keep them off the table entirely. A chopstick rest can also be used to keep the points off the table.

Never stab chopsticks into a bowl of rice, leaving them standing upwards. Any stick-like object facing upward resembles the incense sticks that some Asians use as offerings to deceased family members. This is considered the ultimate faux pas on the dining table.

Chinese traditionally eat rice from a small bowl held in the left hand. The rice bowl is raised to the mouth and the rice pushed into the mouth using the chopsticks. Some Chinese find it offensive to scoop rice from the bowl using a spoon. If rice is served on a plate, as is more common in the West, it is acceptable and more practical to eat it with a fork or spoon. The thumb must always be above the edge of the bowl.

It is acceptable to transfer food to people who have a close relation with you (e.g. parents, grandparents, children or significant others) if you noticed they are having difficulty picking up the food. Also it is a sign of respect to pass food to the elderly first before the dinner starts (part of the Confucian tradition of respecting seniors).

Traditionally, it is polite for the youngest members of the table to address each and everyone of the elderly members of the table before a meal starts and literally tell them to "eat rice", which means "go ahead and start the meal", to show respect.

The host should always make sure the guests drinks are sufficiently full

When people wish to clink drinks together in the form of a cheer, it is important to observe that younger members should clink the edge of their drink below the edge of an elder to show respect.


QUa đây mọi người biết đường mà ăn uống nhé :Devil:

*o.Gemy.o*
16-09-2007, 02:47 PM
Tha hồ học hành nha mọi người , giờ chúng ta mới đj vào reading nè :dancing-banana:

1. Ḿnh cùng ngâm cứu 1 số loại parties nha :love:

a) Birthday party
http://www.perfect-party-ideas.com/images/ElmoBirthdayPartyBook.jpg

High school students celebrate at a birthday party.A birthday party is a celebration that occurs to celebrate the birth of the person being honored. Birthday parties are celebrated in many cultures. While a child's party is usually at home and consists of soft drinks and sweet food as well as savory, adults' birthday parties in Western countries often take place in bars or nightclubs where a range of alcoholic beverages are consumed.

In Western cultures, particularly in the United States, birthday parties are often accompanied by colorful decorations such as streamers and balloons. A birthday cake is often served with candles that are to be blown out after a "birthday wish" has been made. While the birthday cake is brought to the table, the song Happy Birthday to You is sung. Wealthy people or celebrities may hire an event management agency or a party service to organize a birthday party.

b) Housewarming party( khánh thành nhà đấy )
http://img.123greetings.com/events/fkt_housewarming/1065-075-03-1042.gif

A housewarming party is held when a person, couple, or family moves into a new house or apartment. It is an occasion for the hosts to present their new home to their friends, and for friends to gather, socialize, and enjoy refreshments such as alcoholic drinks and snack foods. In some cases, the friends and family members who are invited may bring gifts for the new home. Housewarming parties are generally informal, and there are usually no planned activities besides a tour of the new house

*o.Gemy.o*
16-09-2007, 02:48 PM
d) New Year's party

http://image.orientaltrading.com/otcimg/70_23380.jpg

A young man celebrates a New Year's Party at a hotel in TortosaA New Year's Party is usually hosted in a person's house on New Year's Eve to celebrate the changing of the calendar. Champagne is a traditional beverage served. Many hotels, bars, and restaurants also sponsor New Year's Parties, and hand out gift bags that include funny hats, streamers, balloons, and noisemakers used before and after the countdown to the new year. Famous New Years party television shows include Dick Clark's New Year's Rockin' Eve and Hootenanny.

e) Office party

http://www.thestrandpreston.co.uk/i2/Office-Party_Party_front.gif

Office parties are social events held by corporations or businesses at the site of the business or in a restaurant or bar. These celebrations can coincide with seasonal holidays (e.g., Christmas) or an important date for the company. Office parties are held because they give employees a chance to interact in a less formal atmosphere, which can boost the morale of the employees.

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Parties for teens and young adults

Several types of parties that are mainly held by teens and young adults are house parties, dance parties, and outdoor parties. In the United States and the United Kingdom the term house party refers to a type of party where large groups of people get together at a private house, to socialize and consume alcoholic beverages. House parties which center around the consumption of beer which is pumped from a keg into plastic cups are called keg parties (or "Keggers"). These parties are popular in the US amongst college students, but are technically illegal for anyone under the age of 21 to attend, and often, even older party-goers run afoul of the law for violating ordinances regulating noise and disorderly conduct

Dance parties
http://www.timelesstracks.com/acatalog/summer_dance_party_large.jpg
Dance parties are gatherings in bars or community centers where the guests dance to pop and dance music such as house music or techno. The music for dance parties is usually selected and played by a DJ over a PA system or a powerful stereo system. Conversation is not an integral part of these parties as those who attend express themselves through their dancing and by gesturing.

*o.Gemy.o*
16-09-2007, 02:51 PM
c) Dinner party
http://k43.pbase.com/g3/47/7747/2/53686472.IMG_1764.jpg

A dinner party is a formal social gathering at which people eat dinner together, usually in the host's own home. At the least formal dinner parties, a buffet of food is provided on a table or counter, and the guests choose items from the buffet and eat standing up as they talk and mingle. At the most formal dinner parties, dinner is served at a dining table with place settings. Dinner parties are sometimes preceded by a cocktail party, a social gathering in a living room or bar where guests drink alcoholic cocktails as they mingle. Women guests may wear cocktail dresses. Cocktail parties are often held as a prelude to a dinner party.

Outdoor parties
http://uts.cc.utexas.edu/~laurel/tour/pic_html/outsid1.jpg

Outdoor parties include bush parties and beach parties. Bush parties are a social event held in a secluded area of forest (or "bush") in which friends gather to drink beer and liquor and talk. These parties are often held around a bonfire to provide a source of light and warmth. Bush parties are widely associated with underage drinking [citation needed]. A beach party is usually held on a sandy shoreline of a lake, river, or sea, and the gathering often centers around a bonfire.

A "crush party"
http://twistedoak.typepad.com/photos/uncategorized/cp5.jpg


A "crush party" is a party in a sorority or fraternity where sisters or brothers get a certain number of invitations (supposedly their "crushes") to give out to their friends who are not in their house to give to the "crushes" and they get invited without knowing who invited them. There can be some sort of revealing at the party where the guests find out who has a crush on them.


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XOng roai` mọi người , mệt we' , mọi người phải đọc để ko phụ công tớ ngồi soạn đấy !!!

rembrant
16-09-2007, 03:51 PM
Học ăn ! học nói ! học gói ! học mở !! Ăn cũng là cả một nghệ thuật .......Nào chúng cùng học cách ăn của ngưuơì NHật !.....Zô ăn đê.....kẻo nguội....

http://i197.photobucket.com/albums/aa291/rembrant_gon109/japanflag.jpg
Western / Japanese Dining Etiquette

Pre-set dinner settings and utensils upon arrival
On the person’s left are: 3 forks (salad, dinner, & dessert)
On the person’s right are: 2 spoons (soup & tea) and 1 butter knife

Folded individual napkin :
On lap signifies you’re beginning to dine
On chair signifies you’re excusing yourself from the table
On table signifies you’re done with your meal


, to signal to the wait person that you’re done, cross your knife and fork on the dinner plate


Rude to slurp your soup or belch; also, scoop the spoon away from you


Wait until everyone is served a meal before commence eating


Avoid eating too fast so that everyone can finish roughly the same time


Chew with your mouth close


Never reach over someone else’s plate


Avoid getting off your seat to reach a dish at a far end of the table; it is more preferable to politely ask a neighbor to pass the desired dish


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EASTERN DINING
Unique Dinning Etiquette of Japan
Japanese dishes are served either on the table for all the dinner company present or separately for each guest, set on a small, square meal-tray. Other notable dinner etiquette applicable during a Japanese meal are


The lid of the rice bowl is placed upside down outside of the tray to the left. Soon afterward, the lid of the soup-bowl should be placed on the guest’s right. When eating politely, it is proper to put the bowl of food on the left palm.

A second helping of rice or soup may be served on a separate tray by the host. The guests must warmly accept the bowl with both hands, taking care to put it down on their trays once before beginning to eat from it again.

A morsel from a dish should be followed by a mouthful of rice.

As a rule, no napkins are used in a Japanese meal. The guest uses either a paper or handkerchief he has with him.

At the end of the meal the tips of the chopsticks are dipped in tea poured into the empty rice-bowl and then wiped off on a clean piece of paper. All the lids are replaced.

The guest says, "Gochisoo sama" with a bow. This concludes the dinner at a Japanese house.

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EASTERN DINING

Manipulation of Chopsticks in Japan
Chopsticks should be placed on the table pointing to the diner’s left, with the tips resting on the ‘hashioki’. Take the chopsticks in your right hand and transfer them to the left hand. Then take the proper grip on them with the fingers of the right hand.

http://i197.photobucket.com/albums/aa291/rembrant_gon109/hashi.jpg
DO NOT use your chopsticks to shift dishes around

DO NOT wave your chopsticks about in the air while trying to decide what to eat next

DO NOT rummage about in the food looking for the tastiest morsel

DO NOT pick up a dish with the hand that is holding the chopsticks

DO NOT point your chopsticks at people when you are eating; never lick them or spear food with the points

DO NOT hold the chopsticks with your fist, since this appears as if they are being held as a weapon to hurt people

http://i197.photobucket.com/albums/aa291/rembrant_gon109/Chop.jpg

Also, put the chopsticks on the chopstick rest when not in use. This offers a convenient position to rest your eating utensils without worrying about unclean surfaces making contact with the points. Generally available at the more expensive or classier dining rooms.

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Other Differences
Table Manners of Japan

http://i197.photobucket.com/albums/aa291/rembrant_gon109/Table.jpg

1.Westerners are often taught not to make a noise when eating soup, whereas, in Japan it’s okay to slurp one’s noodles


2.Don’t start eating the soup as soon as it is placed in front of you, because Japanese meals are usually served all at once, rather than as separate courses, so wait until all the food is on the table and everyone is ready before you begin


3.Vertical planting of hashi in rice bowl reflects how rice is offered by Buddhists to their deceased ancestors. This is a sign of mourning for the dead.


4.Before starting a meal, say "Itadakimasu"; after finishing, say "Gochisoosama."

On the other hand, it is common in American culture for traditional families to say a word of grace and thanksgiving before commencing dinner. It ranges from a prayer of love and thanks to God for His provisions, blessings, and grace over the food to the less tactful saying, "Rubber dub-dub, thanks for the grub."

Source :http://asiarecipe.com/japetiquette.html

rembrant
16-09-2007, 04:08 PM
Eating Scenarios for Westerners

Ực ực.....thèm quá....cắn chẳng được......ko giè đau khổ hơn:smilie_crazy: .....
http://i197.photobucket.com/albums/aa291/rembrant_gon109/Pg34.jpg

http://i197.photobucket.com/albums/aa291/rembrant_gon109/4.jpg http://i197.photobucket.com/albums/aa291/rembrant_gon109/6.jpg

Bài tập Reading của chúng ta đây :

Bọn tớ đưa ra cho các cậu 2 tình huống ( viễn cảnh ), sau khi đã đọc xong 2 tình huống .... kết hợp với hiểu biết cá nhân của chính các bạn!

Các bạn sẽ chọn ra đáp án đúng cho câu hỏi được đưa ra( 1 trong 4 đáp án A ,B,C,D ) OK?? Cũng ko khó lắm !! Bà con làm xong cuối tuần rèm Post ....giải....
Scenario 1( viễn cảnh 1)

Tom was at the dinner table for the first time with his new host family. His host mother, Mrs. Yoshida, was a good cook, and there was plenty of food on the table. Tom enjoyed the meal as well as the pleasant conversation. He ate so much that he felt absolutely stuffed. When he said, "Totemo oishikatta desu. Gochisoosama deshita." (It was delicious. Thank you for the meal."), both host parents insisted that he eat more, saying, "Mada takusan arimasu kara, motto doozo" (There is plenty more, so please eat more.") Tom declined their offer very politely by saying he had had enough, but they insisted again. Tom was dismayed but he felt hesitant about resisting their offer. He put more food on his plate and finished it somehow.

Why did Tom end up eating more than he wanted?

A. It is customary in Japan for hosts to insist on their guests’ taking more. Tom didn’t have to eat extra food if he didn’t want any more.
B. It is a Japanese custom to finish all the food on the dinner table. Tom’s host parents wanted him to have his share since there was still so much food left.
C. Tom’s pronunciation was clumsy. His host parents didn’t understand what he said.
D. Tom should have automatically declined the offer of more food repeatedly (even if he were still hungry!). In Japan, guests never eat "seconds"; when offered more food, Japanese people always firmly but politely decline.

Scenario 2 ( viễn cảnh 2)
Liz enjoys living in Japan, and she loves Japanese food. Japanese noodles are her favorite. She often has lunch at a small noodle restaurant near her downtown Tokyo apartment that’s owned by a well-known soba (buckwheat noodle) chain. She likes the place because the food is good, the price is reasonable, and the atmosphere is pleasant. But one thing bothers Liz: the customers slurp their noodles. Liz thinks of Japanese people as polite and refined, so it’s difficult for her to reconcile this image with the terrible manners of the noodle restaurant’s customers.



What’s going on here?
A.Japanese noodle-eating etiquette is, to Americans, unusual to say the least. In fact, Liz herself should learn to make the same noise and pick up her bowl to drink the soup that remains after the noodles have been slurped.
B. Liz actually stumbled into a Taiwanese restaurant.
C. This occurrence demonstrates a Japanese double standard: Japanese usually have beautiful manners only when foreigners are watching.
D. Liz is neurotic. In the United States, the sound of crackers crumbling has the same effect on her.

trangmêôb
16-09-2007, 11:41 PM
tui sẽ đọc hết(cố đọc hết )^^ thanks

trangmêôb
16-09-2007, 11:43 PM
mọi ng` vất vả quá.................

FatJoe
19-09-2007, 04:20 PM
Listening

Party Time!!

Click the link below
Link 1 (http://www.filecrunch.com/file/~nq4ow3)
Link 2 (http://d.turboupload.com/d/2045319/PartyTime-Unit2.MP3.html)
Link 3 (http://d.turboupload.com/d/2045332/PartyTime-Unit2.MP3.html)
(Open link in new window)


Question

1. Who is visiting Jori for the weekend?
A. her best friend
B. her brother Bob
C. her sister

2. What is Carol wearing?
A. a sweater
B. a red sweat shirt
C. a black blouse

3. What is Carol like?
A. She's sociable.
B. She's timid
C. She's very reserved.

4. What is Bob wearing?
A. a flashy suit jacket
B. a green tie
C. blue jeans

5. Jori knows Bob because:
A. they work together in the same office.
B. she is taking karate lessons from him.
C. they met at a party two months ago.

Answer:

1.C 2.A 3.A 4.B 5.B

Quizz Script

Jori: Hi Dave. [Hi] Good to see you could make it. Come on in.

Dave: Wow. Looks like the party is in full swing.

Jori: Yeah. And they're eating me out of house and home. Oh, I'd like you to meet my sister, Carol. She's visiting for the weekend.

Dave: Oh. Which one is she?

Jori: She's sitting on the sofa over there.

Dave: You mean the woman wearing the red sweater with the long black hair?

Jori: Yeah. That's right. Let me introduce her to you. I just know you two will hit it off. You're both so outgoing and adventurous.

Dave: Uh, and who's the man sitting next to her? Uh, the man with the suit jacket and flashy green tie?

Jori: Oh, that's Bob, my karate teacher.

Dave: Karate teacher! I never knew you were into karate.

Jori: Yeah, I started about two months ago. Come on. I'd like you to meet them.

# good to see you could make it : happy to see you could come
- It's really good to see you could make it.

# full swing (noun): at its high point
- The party really got into full swing around midnight.

# they're eating me out of house and home: they're eating all of my food
- My teenagers have huge appetites and are eating me out of house and home.

# hit it off (verb): get along well
- My roommate and I hit it off from the very first day we moved in.

# outgoing (adjective): very friendly and sociable
- He is very outgoing and always makes newcomers feel comfortable at a party.

# adventurous (adjective): willingness to try new things
- If I were more adventurous, I think I would try mountain climbing.

# flashy (adjective): brightly colored or unusually decorated beyond normal standards
- She tends to wear flashy ski wear during the winter season.


HELPFUL TIP
If you are invited to a party, be sure to ask what the dress is for the occasion (i.e., formal or informal). You don't want to go overdressed or underdressed for such events.

shuneo
19-09-2007, 09:01 PM
cảm ơn nhưng tôi không thể down được 2 bài nghẹ Bạn có thể up trực tiếp lên diễn đàn được không! Rât cảm ơn! Bài viêt của bạh rất hữu ích!

FatJoe
20-09-2007, 08:03 PM
Bạn thông cảm , để up lên Diễn đàn thì phải lập 1 threat mới mà chỉ được up 1 lần.
Bạn vui lòng bật link lên 1 cửa sổ mới rồi làm theo huớng dẫn là được

nhócngốc
20-09-2007, 10:25 PM
Scenario 1( viễn cảnh 1)

Tom was at the dinner table for the first time with his new host family. His host mother, Mrs. Yoshida, was a good cook, and there was plenty of food on the table. Tom enjoyed the meal as well as the pleasant conversation. He ate so much that he felt absolutely stuffed. When he said, "Totemo oishikatta desu. Gochisoosama deshita." (It was delicious. Thank you for the meal."), both host parents insisted that he eat more, saying, "Mada takusan arimasu kara, motto doozo" (There is plenty more, so please eat more.") Tom declined their offer very politely by saying he had had enough, but they insisted again. Tom was dismayed but he felt hesitant about resisting their offer. He put more food on his plate and finished it somehow.

Why did Tom end up eating more than he wanted?

A. It is customary in Japan for hosts to insist on their guests’ taking more. Tom didn’t have to eat extra food if he didn’t want any more.
B. It is a Japanese custom to finish all the food on the dinner table. Tom’s host parents wanted him to have his share since there was still so much food left.
C. Tom’s pronunciation was clumsy. His host parents didn’t understand what he said.
D. Tom should have automatically declined the offer of more food repeatedly (even if he were still hungry!). In Japan, guests never eat "seconds"; when offered more food, Japanese people always firmly but politely decline.

Scenario 2 ( viễn cảnh 2)
Liz enjoys living in Japan, and she loves Japanese food. Japanese noodles are her favorite. She often has lunch at a small noodle restaurant near her downtown Tokyo apartment that’s owned by a well-known soba (buckwheat noodle) chain. She likes the place because the food is good, the price is reasonable, and the atmosphere is pleasant. But one thing bothers Liz: the customers slurp their noodles. Liz thinks of Japanese people as polite and refined, so it’s difficult for her to reconcile this image with the terrible manners of the noodle restaurant’s customers.



What’s going on here?
A.Japanese noodle-eating etiquette is, to Americans, unusual to say the least. In fact, Liz herself should learn to make the same noise and pick up her bowl to drink the soup that remains after the noodles have been slurped.
B. Liz actually stumbled into a Taiwanese restaurant.
C. This occurrence demonstrates a Japanese double standard: Japanese usually have beautiful manners only when foreigners are watching.
D. Liz is neurotic. In the United States, the sound of crackers crumbling has the same effect on her.

Longan tree
22-09-2007, 10:19 AM
Scenario 1( viễn cảnh 1)

Tom was at the dinner table for the first time with his new host family. His host mother, Mrs. Yoshida, was a good cook, and there was plenty of food on the table. Tom enjoyed the meal as well as the pleasant conversation. He ate so much that he felt absolutely stuffed. When he said, "Totemo oishikatta desu. Gochisoosama deshita." (It was delicious. Thank you for the meal."), both host parents insisted that he eat more, saying, "Mada takusan arimasu kara, motto doozo" (There is plenty more, so please eat more.") Tom declined their offer very politely by saying he had had enough, but they insisted again. Tom was dismayed but he felt hesitant about resisting their offer. He put more food on his plate and finished it somehow.

Why did Tom end up eating more than he wanted?

A. It is customary in Japan for hosts to insist on their guests’ taking more. Tom didn’t have to eat extra food if he didn’t want any more.
B. It is a Japanese custom to finish all the food on the dinner table. Tom’s host parents wanted him to have his share since there was still so much food left.
C. Tom’s pronunciation was clumsy. His host parents didn’t understand what he said.
D. Tom should have automatically declined the offer of more food repeatedly (even if he were still hungry!). In Japan, guests never eat "seconds"; when offered more food, Japanese people always firmly but politely decline.

Scenario 2 ( viễn cảnh 2)
Liz enjoys living in Japan, and she loves Japanese food. Japanese noodles are her favorite. She often has lunch at a small noodle restaurant near her downtown Tokyo apartment that’s owned by a well-known soba (buckwheat noodle) chain. She likes the place because the food is good, the price is reasonable, and the atmosphere is pleasant. But one thing bothers Liz: the customers slurp their noodles. Liz thinks of Japanese people as polite and refined, so it’s difficult for her to reconcile this image with the terrible manners of the noodle restaurant’s customers.



What’s going on here?
A.Japanese noodle-eating etiquette is, to Americans, unusual to say the least. In fact, Liz herself should learn to make the same noise and pick up her bowl to drink the soup that remains after the noodles have been slurped.
B. Liz actually stumbled into a Taiwanese restaurant.
C. This occurrence demonstrates a Japanese double standard: Japanese usually have beautiful manners only when foreigners are watching.
D. Liz is neurotic. In the United States, the sound of crackers crumbling has the same effect on her.

Ít câu hỏi quá :D cho thêm được ko ??? đang máu làm bài tập quá :D

rembrant
23-09-2007, 02:23 AM
ANSWERS to Scenario 1

A.
Correct! It is considered good manners for guests not to accept an offer at first. Therefore, hosts try to repeat an offer until they are sure that their guests really want to decline. Tom could have refused their offer politely by saying, "Arigatoo gozaimasu. Demo moo onaka ga ippai desu kara...." ("Thank you, but I’m already full."), without hurting their feelings.
B.
Although there may be countries that have this custom, Japan does not. Choose again.
C.
Possible, but unlikely, because Tom and his host family enjoyed their conversation so they must have understood each other. Choose again.
D.
Incorrect. It was fine for Tom to have an extra serving after his hosts offered it, if he had been still hungry.

ANSWERS to Scenario 2
A.
This is right. What is acceptable in one culture may be very rude in another. To Japanese people, slurping noodles and picking up the bowl to drink the soup are not offensive. In fact, many Japanese are dismayed when Westerners eat noodles noiselessly.
B.
Wrong. Read the episode again; it’s a Japanese noodle shop.
C.
Not so - at least for noodle-eating! (Liz was certainly noticed in such a small restaurant.)
D.
Highly improbable. If Liz were that neurotic, she wouldn’t have the sense of adventure and emotional flexibility required for Americans to enjoy Japan. Try again.

rembrant
23-09-2007, 12:55 PM
COMPOUND NOUNS.
Cấu tạo :

Những từ có thể được nối với nhau để có dạng danh từ ghép . Đó là những từ rất phổ biến và là sự nối từ mới được tìm ra hầu hết từ cuộc sống hàng ngày. Thường thì danh từ ghép có 2 phần. Phần thứ 2 để nhận biết được đó là vật hoặc người trong câu hỏi (man, friend, tank, table, room). Phần thứ nhất chỉ cho chúng ta thấy tính chất vật, người của chính nó hoặc mục đích,tác dụng, nghề nghiệp của nó(police, boy, water, dining, bed):

What type / what purpose What or who
police man
boy friend
water tank
dining table
bed room


The two parts may be written in a number of ways :

1. as one word.
Example: policeman, boyfriend

2. as two words joined with a hyphen.Example: dining-table

3. as two separate words.Example: fish tank.

Ko có nguyên tắc cơ bản nào về việc xắp xếp , ghép các từ tạo thành danh từ ghép. Vì vậy viết danh từ ghép thì từ nào quen thuộc , biết đến nhiều hơn là từ đứng thứ nhất. Các từ khác sẽ là từ thứ 2.( nhưng chỉ mang tính tương đối vì danh từ ghép phụ thuộc vào ngôn ngữ cuộc sống là chính )

The two parts may be:
Examples:
noun + noun
bedroom
water tank
motorcycle
printer cartridge

noun + verb
rainfall
haircut
train-spotting

noun + adverb
hanger-on
passer-by

verb + noun
washing machine
driving licence
swimming pool

verb + adverb*
lookout
take-off
drawback

adjective + noun
greenhouse
software
redhead

adjective + verb
dry-cleaning
public speaking
adverb + noun
onlooker
bystander

adverb + verb*
output
overthrow
upturn
input


Danh từ ghép thì có ý nghĩa khác so với nghĩa của từng từ ghép lại.

Nhấn trọng âm là phần rất quan trọng trong phát âm. Nó được so sánh giữa 1 danh từ ghép (e.g. greenhouse)và một danh từ gồm một tính từ+ danh từ.(e.g. green house).

Trong danh từ ghép trọng âm thường được đánh ở âm tiết thứ nhất:

a 'greenhouse = place where we grow plants (compound noun)
a green 'house = house painted green (adjective and noun)
a 'bluebird = type of bird (compound noun)
a blue 'bird = any bird with blue feathers (adjective and noun)

* Một số danh từ ghép bắt nguồn từ cụm động từ (verb + adverb or adverb + verb).

Examples: breakdown, outbreak, outcome, cutback, drive-in, drop-out, feedback, flyover, hold-up, hangover, outlay, outlet, inlet, makeup, output, set-back, stand-in, takeaway, walkover.


Noun + Noun ==> Noun

Noun + noun là sự kết hợp thường thấy. Chú ý rằng đề cập loại của vật hoặc người thường là từ đứng cuối.
der Vater das Land ==> das Vaterland
the father the land ==> the native country

The first component is frequently a noun in the genitive singular:
der Geist die Kraft ==> Geisteskraft
the spirit the power ==> intellectual power

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