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choobi
12-01-2013, 10:00 AM
Classify English consonants

According to place of articulation:

- Bilabial: /p/, /b/, /w/, /m/ eg. pay, boy, wait, man
- Labiodental: /f/, /v/ eg. figure, velar
- Dental: /θ/, /đ/ eg. think, this
- Alveolar: /t/, /d/, /s/, /z/, /l/, /n/ eg. toy, date, size, zoo, long, name
- Retroflex: /r/ eg. run, ray
- Palato-avleolar: /∫/, /ʒ/, /t∫/, /dʒ/ eg. shine, ship, measure, closure, watch, catch, fridge, jane
- Palatal: /j/ eg. yet, yes, yellow
- Velar: /k/, /g/, /η/ eg. key, dog, king, thing
- Glottal: /h/ eg. house, home

According to manner of articulation:

- Plosive: /p/, /b/, /t/, /d/, /k/, /g/ eg. pay, boy, toy, date, key, dog
- Fricative: /f/, /v/,/θ/, /đ/, /s/, /z/, /∫/, /ʒ/, /h/
eg. five, van, think, this, sun, zoo, shine, measure, hot
- Approximant: /w/, /r/, /j/ eg. wait, run, you
- Lateral: /l/ eg. long, later
- Affricate: /t∫/, /dʒ/ eg. watch, catch, fridge, jane
- Nasal: /m/, /n/, /η/ eg. main, nation, thing, king

According to State of the velum:

- Nasal: /m/, /n/, /η/ eg. main, nation, thing, king
- Oral: /p/, /b/, /t/, /d/, /k/, /g/, /f/, /v/, /θ/, /đ/, /s/, /z/, /∫/, /ʒ/, /h/, /w/, /r/, /j/, /l/, /t∫/, /dʒ/.

According to State of the vocal cords:

- Voiced sounds: /b/, /d/, /g/, /v/, /z/, /đ/, /ʒ /, /w/, /r/, /j/, /l/, /dʒ/, /m/, /n/, /η/
- Voiceless sounds: /p/, /t/, /k/, /f/, /s/, /∫/, /h/, /t∫/, /θ/

According to Force of articulation:

- Fortis consonants: voiceless sounds: /b/, /d/, /g/, /v/, /z/, /đ/, /ʒ /, /w/, /r/, /j/, /l/, /dʒ/, /m/, /n/, /η/
- Lenis consonants: voiced sounds: /p/, /t/, /k/, /f/, /s/, /∫/, /h/, /t∫/, /θ/

seaseasu
14-01-2013, 02:41 PM
ặc ặc, khó ... khó cực. Cho tụi ḿnh lư thuyết về
English Phonetics đi choobi ơi. Phải có căn cứ lư thuyết để làm k th́ bó toàn thân luôn :55_003::17_002:

Classify English consonants

According to place of articulation:

- Bilabial: /p/, /b/, /w/, /m/ eg. pay, boy, wait, man
- Labiodental: /f/, /v/ eg. figure, velar
- Dental: /θ/, /đ/ eg. think, this
- Alveolar: /t/, /d/, /s/, /z/, /l/, /n/ eg. toy, date, size, zoo, long, name
- Retroflex: /r/ eg. run, ray
- Palato-avleolar: /∫/, /ʒ/, /t∫/, /dʒ/ eg. shine, ship, measure, closure, watch, catch, fridge, jane
- Palatal: /j/ eg. yet, yes, yellow
- Velar: /k/, /g/, /η/ eg. key, dog, king, thing
- Glottal: /h/ eg. house, home

According to manner of articulation:

- Plosive: /p/, /b/, /t/, /d/, /k/, /g/ eg. pay, boy, toy, date, key, dog
- Fricative: /f/, /v/,/θ/, /đ/, /s/, /z/, /∫/, /ʒ/, /h/
eg. five, van, think, this, sun, zoo, shine, measure, hot
- Approximant: /w/, /r/, /j/ eg. wait, run, you
- Lateral: /l/ eg. long, later
- Affricate: /t∫/, /dʒ/ eg. watch, catch, fridge, jane
- Nasal: /m/, /n/, /η/ eg. main, nation, thing, king

According to State of the velum:

- Nasal: /m/, /n/, /η/ eg. main, nation, thing, king
- Oral: /p/, /b/, /t/, /d/, /k/, /g/, /f/, /v/, /θ/, /đ/, /s/, /z/, /∫/, /ʒ/, /h/, /w/, /r/, /j/, /l/, /t∫/, /dʒ/.

According to State of the vocal cords:

- Voiced sounds: /b/, /d/, /g/, /v/, /z/, /đ/, /ʒ /, /w/, /r/, /j/, /l/, /dʒ/, /m/, /n/, /η/
- Voiceless sounds: /p/, /t/, /k/, /f/, /s/, /∫/, /h/, /t∫/, /θ/

According to Force of articulation:

- Fortis consonants: voiceless sounds: /b/, /d/, /g/, /v/, /z/, /đ/, /ʒ /, /w/, /r/, /j/, /l/, /dʒ/, /m/, /n/, /η/
- Lenis consonants: voiced sounds: /p/, /t/, /k/, /f/, /s/, /∫/, /h/, /t∫/, /θ/